DMITRY SHOSTAKOVICH: “LIFE IS BEAUTIFUL!”
The true scale of the composer Dmitry Shostakovich, widely known not only in Russia but also beyond its borders, can only be defined with the words “great, talented”. The more talented a person is, the less behind all his achievements we notice exactly the person himself. Critics and musicologists write great articles about what the composer wanted to show in a particular piece. What emotions or experiences seethed in him during the writing of the work. But, by and large, these are just guesses. For dry phrases: a talented composer, pianist, conductor and public figure, we lose the image of a person, and we see only his outer, shabby outer shell. Dmitry Shostakovich is no exception to the rule …
Having studied at a private school, the young man entered the Petrograd Conservatory and successfully graduated from it in 1923. At the same time, a girl appeared in the life of a novice composer, with whom he fell in love with a new, already youthful passion. composer Dmitry Shostakovich Tatyana Glivenko was the same age as Shostakovich, she was beautiful, well-educated and had a lively and cheerful disposition. A romantic and long-term acquaintance ensued. In the year of meeting with Tatyana, the impressionable Dmitry set about creating the First Symphony.
Three years later, the premiere of this piece of music took place in St. Petersburg, which flew around the world many years later. The depth of feelings expressed by the young composer in the symphony was also caused by the onset of Dmitry’s illness, which appeared as a result of sleepless nights, love affairs and a severe depression developing against this background. Experiencing the most tender feelings for his beloved, Shostakovich did not think about the upcoming marriage, even after several years of acquaintance.
Hidden passions of Dmitry Shostakovich
Tatiana wanted children and a legitimate husband. And once she openly told Dmitry that she was leaving him, accepting the offer of a hand and heart from another admirer, whom she soon married.
Shostakovich’s wife Nina Shostakovich
The composer did not even try to stop the girl from taking such a decisive step, and then Tatyana chose not to maintain any relationship with him anymore. But Tatyana could not be forgotten: the composer continued to meet her on the street, write fervent letters, talk about love already to the wife of another man. Three years later, still having the courage, he asked Glivenko to leave his husband and become his wife, but she did not take Shostakovich’s proposal seriously. In addition, she was already expecting a baby at that time. In April 1932, Tatyana gave birth to a son and asked Shostakovich to permanently delete her from her life.
Shostakovich’s wife Irina Shostakovich
Having finally made sure that her beloved would never return to him, in May of the same year the composer married a young student Nina Varzar. This woman had to spend more than twenty years with Dmitry Dmitrievich, give birth to a composer a daughter and a son, survive the betrayal of her husband and his hobbies by other women, and die before her beloved husband.
After the death of Nina, Shostakovich married two more times: Margarita Kayonova, with whom he lived for a short time, and Irina Supinskaya, who surrounded the already aging husband with the warmth and care that remained in their family until the end of the life of the great Russian composer.
Heart affairs did not interfere, but rather always helped the composer create. Nevertheless, it is very difficult to intertwine the two branches of life, because in each of them it is at the same time very different and the same. He is the same in achieving his goal, but the difference is that, nevertheless, Shostakovich was more determined in his relations with music.
So, having graduated from the conservatory in piano classes and composition, Shostakovich passed the already known First Symphony as a thesis. Dmitry was going to continue his career and composer Dmitry Shostakovich as a concert pianist, and as a composer. In 1927, he received an honorary diploma at the First Chopin International Piano Competition in Warsaw (the composer played a sonata of his own composition). Fortunately, the unusual talent of the musician was noticed by one of the members of the jury, the Austro-American conductor and composer Bruno Walter, who suggested that Shostakovich play something else on the piano. Hearing the First Symphony, Walter immediately asked Shostakovich to send the score to him in Berlin, and then he performed the Symphony this season, thereby making the Russian composer famous.
The most notable genres in Shostakovich’s work – symphonies and string quartets – in each of them he wrote 15 works. While symphonies were written throughout the composer’s career, most of the quartets were written by Shostakovich towards the end of his life. Among the most popular symphonies are the Fifth and Eighth, among the quartets – the Eighth and Fifteenth.