History of The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones is a legendary English rock band.
The debut of the group took place on July 12, 1962 on the stage of the Marquee Jazz Club. The first composition of the rock group included Mick Jagger (Mick Jagger) – vocals; Keith Richards (Keith Richards) – rhythm guitar, vocals; Dick Taylor (Dick Taylor) – bass; Brian Jones (Brian Jones) – solo guitar, vocals; Ian Stewart (Ian Stewart) – keys; Mick Avory – drums.
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The band was originally called The Rollin Stones. The musicians performed songs by American authors, including the bluesmen Muddy Waters and Bo Didley, and also performed with very pop numbers, processing them in their own way. It was Muddy Waters’ song Rollin Stone that formed the basis of the name of the group. The idea was proposed by Brian Jones, who was then the central figure in the group.
In August 1962, instead of leaving Dick Taylor, Bill Wyman was accepted into the team. Mika Ivory was replaced by Tony Chapman, and instead of Tony, Charlie Watts joined the group after some time. In 1963, the composition of the Rolling Stones musicians stabilized.
In May 1963, Andrew Oldham, who previously worked with The Beatles, became the producer of the group. First of all, he changed the name of the collective to The Rolling Stones. Then the last letter “c” was removed in Keith Richards surname, and Richards became Richard, but this option did not become dominant. Ian Stuart Oldham removed from the Rolling Stones (Stuart became the group’s session, secretly considered its sixth member). For the remaining five, Oldham developed an innovative image: aggressiveness, utter “detachment” on the stage and in life. Oldham intentionally contrasted The Rolling Stones with the already famous The Beatles.
Thanks to Oldham’s efforts, The Rolling Stones signed a three-year contract with one of the largest record companies in Britain – Decca, and in June 1963 released their first single (a small record at 45 rpm) with the songs Come On and I Want to be loved.
The song for the second single, I Wanna be your Man, specially for the Rolling Stones was written by members of The Beatles John Lennon (John Lennon) and Paul McCartney (Paul McCartney).
In April 1964, the debut album of The Rolling Stones was released, and in May, the disc topped the British hit parade, displacing the album With The Beatles. The group presented the audience an energetic and vibrant set of rhythm and blues and rock and roll compositions.
In January 1965, the second studio album The Rolling Stones was released, which is commonly called The Rolling Stones No. 2. Along with rhythm and blues standards, the new album also includes cover versions of Otis Redding’s Pain In My Heart soul hits, Under The Boardwalk from The Drifters repertoire and several others. The album contained three tracks by Jagger and Richards: What A Shame, Grown Up Wrong, and Off The Hook.
The third album of Out of our heads (1965) contained a song that became the band’s “calling card” (I Cant Get No) Satisfaction. Thanks to the text written by Jagger, it became a hymn to the youth of the 1960s, who did not find true happiness in life, although trying to get it.Fear, uncertainty, despair of a young man – all this was reflected in the legendary composition.In July (USA) and September (Britain) 1965 (I Cant Get No) Satisfaction was at the top of the charts.
In the 1970s, the group released several more albums by Sticky Fingers (1971), Exile On Main Street (1972), Black And Blue (1976), which turned out to be less expressive than the records of the 1960s.
In 1974, Mick Taylor left the group. The musicians were looking for a replacement for Taylor for almost two years, until Keith Richards offered his friend Ronald Wood, who was then a member of The Faces, as a talented guitarist.
In 1980, the band released the album Emotional Rescure, which became very popular. In many respects this was facilitated by the fact that the music contained elements of a disco, the most popular style in those years.
In the following years, the albums Tattoo you (1981), Undercover (1983) and Dirty Work (1986), Steel Wheels (1989) were released.
In January 1989, The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In total, The Rolling Stones released 92 singles, 29 studio albums, and 10 live albums during their career. Their last studio album, A Bigger Bang, was released in 2005.
The Rolling Stones performed twice in Russia: in 1998 in Moscow, http://rollings-stones.ru/index/0-602 and in 2007 in St. Petersburg.
Dozens of films have been shot about the Rolling Stones, the most famous being Martin Scorsese’s film “The Rolling Stones: Shine a Light” of 2008, based on the filming of two concerts of the legendary group as part of the 2006 A Bigger Bang tour.